This article describes some of the best web development languages and the languages are described below:
Java is an open source and platform-independent programming language, which can be used for almost any situation thanks to its versatility. It is object-oriented like most web programming languages. This means that it focuses on concrete applications. Its vast number of web frameworks and libraries, which generally have comprehensive documentation, makes it easier to create even highly complex web projects. Programs written in Java are easy to expand upon, can be scaled as required and are easy to maintain, provided that the programmer who wrote them knew what they were doing. Since Java is comparatively difficult to learn, resulting in fewer experts in this programming language, clients will have to deal with higher costs than when using other programming languages. Meanwhile, programmers who are proficient in Java are likely to have a comparatively high income.
Hypertext Preprocessor, better known under the old acronym PHP, is a scripting language based on C and Perl. It is mainly used for programming dynamic websitesandweb applications. PHP is considered to be beginner-friendly and can be integrated into HTML. Therefore, it is often one of the first languages an aspiring programmer learns. Many website operators still rely on PHP today, even though the language is widely viewed as a bit obsolete. Some of its most important advantages include its broad support for various databases and its efficient integration of internet protocol. PHP has received several updates since its creation and is currently on version 7. This language has an open source license and is available free of charge. PHP processes the code on the server side, bypassing the web browser's interpretation, which is usually encountered in other popular internet programming languages. This also means that PHP is subject to stateless HTTP and stresses the queried web server much more than programming languages which only send the source code to a dedicated web browser. PHP is also criticized for its weak typing and lack of standardized error-handling functions. However, the fact that many major websites still use PHP is proof of its popularity. Problems can arise, though, if website operators use outdated PHP versions which compromise the security and stability of the website.
Python is known as a high-level programming language and uses compact yet easy to understand code. Python is also easy to type because you do not need to separate blocks of code by using special characters but rather by indenting. This is why the language is considered to be enjoyable to learn and use. You can use it as required either for object-oriented, aspect-oriented, or functional programming. Python is also dynamic and is therefore often used as a scripting language. Python is supported by an active community and is kept up-to-date and relevant by the non-profit Python Software Foundation. This language is freely available and can be used with most current operating systems. Many popular web services like YouTube and other Google projects are partially based on Python. The video game industry has also embraced this programming language. The same can be said for scientific projects. Python has become highly popular for this purpose primarily because most scientific databases can be easily integrated with the language and because tasks which involve collecting empirical data can be carried out efficiently using it. Python is therefore a particularly important programming language for beginners in these fields. However, it has been criticized for its relatively low execution speed and for how long-winded the definitions of its methods are.
Ruby is another high-level programming language. It was developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro Matsumoto. This purely object-oriented programming language boasts dynamic typing and reflection as well as automatic garbage collection. Ruby’s major distinguishing feature is its object-oriented focus in which every value and class is an object. Unlike other object-oriented programming languages, there are no primitive data types in Ruby. To put it briefly, “everything is an object.” Ruby's syntax is conveniently flexible. For example, the use of brackets is often optional. This makes the language easy to read and often makes it look like a markup language. In spite of this, Ruby is very deep and also allows for meta-programming with which programmers can generate methods, modify the inheritance hierarchy and change other constants in the programming language as they see fit. This is why Ruby is considered “easy to learn but hard to master”. Critics have voiced concerns about the negative consequences of having typos in program code. In such cases, unexpected run-time errors can lead to tedious debugging sessions. Ruby is often used as a scripting language for web servers but also surprisingly often in the video game industry. This language is available for all current operating systems.
The relatively new programming language C#, pronounced as “C sharp“, was released in 2001 and is considered to be a general-purpose language. It is type-safe, object-oriented and fundamentally platform-independent. However, it was specifically developed by Microsoft for the .NET Framework. C# is often also referred to as “Visual C#”, mostly for implementations. Conceptually, the language is related to Java and C++ among others, but it extends the object-oriented modelto include attributes which store information about classes, objects and methods as well as delegates which refer to methods for specific classes. This primarily results in a more accurate error description when compiling code, saving developers a lot of time. Many people believe C# is the most important programming language web developers should learn besides Java. As an object-oriented web programming language, C# offers the bestcombination of functionality and depth. Critics have warned that using C# ties you to Microsoft's .NET Framework. Having said that, programmers use it for a large portion of the market. Many programmers now rely on C#, be it for developing for Windows systems or for video games on Xbox and PC. C# is mainly used as a web programming language for web API's and various web applications.